How To Build A Campfire
Like the opposable thumb, the ability to create a fire is another one of those things that separates us from the animal kingdom. With a little bit of know how you can create your own campfire anytime. All you need to do is gather your supplies first. Here is what you’ll need:
Tinder – This is the foundation that every fire is built upon. Gather anything small and dry, such as leaves, twigs, grass, and dry bark.
Kindling – Although tinder will be what initially catches flame, you’ll need the help of something a little bit more substantial to really get the fire going. This is where kindling comes into the picture. Gather small, dry, foot-long sticks and twigs to use as your kindling. These should be about as think as a pencil.
Fuel Wood – Now, this is what really gets the fire nice and hot. Again, you’ll want your wood to be as dry as possible. Most people picture nice thick logs when they imagine fuel wood, you’ll do best by finding pieces about as thick as a baseball bat.
Lay Your Fire
There are multiple ways to do this, but we will focus today on the Teepee Method. Here’s how:
- Place your tinder in the center of your fire pit.
- Above the tinder, create a teepee with your kindling. Leave an open space in the teepee on the side the wind is blowing against. This way, it will get an adequate amount of air.
- Continue adding kindling to the teepee, starting with your smallest kindling and working your way up to your largest. Keep in mind your largest should be about the size of Harry Potter’s wand.
- Create a larger teepee structure around your kindling teepee with your fuel wood. 3-5 pieces will do.
- Place a match under your tinder. The tinder should catch and shortly afterward the kindling will too.
- When the structure eventually falls, you can just continue to add fuel wood to keep it going.
How To Put Your Fire Out via Smokey the Bear.
When you're ready to put out your fire and call it a night, follow these guidelines:
- Allow the wood to burn completely to ash, if possible Pour lots of water on the fire, drown ALL embers, not just the red ones Pour until hissing sound stops.
- Stir the campfire ashes and embers with a shovel.
- Scrape the sticks and logs to remove any embers Stir and make sure everything is wet and they are cold to the touch.
- If you do not have water, use dirt. Mix enough dirt or sand with the embers. Continue adding and stirring until all material is cool.
- Remember: do NOT bury the fire as the fire will continue to smolder and could catch roots on fire that will eventually get to the surface and start a wildfire.
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